Enfermedad Degenerativa de Disco Lumbar

La enfermedad degenerativa de disco lumbar, o espalda baja, es un síndrome en donde un disco afectado causa dolor en la espalda baja. A pesar de que existe un pequeño componente genético en los individuos que sufren de EDD, puede ser causada por varios factores, ya sea por simple desgasto o un trauma.

La enfermedad degenerativa de disco es una condición en donde los cojines entre la columna (discos) se deterioran con el tiempo y pueden causar:

Symptoms

Degenerative disc disease is a condition in which the cushions within the spine (discs) deteriorate with time and cause:

  • A reduction in the space between each vertebra
  • Compress nerve roots
  • Cause pain.
Disc Degeneration

Intervertebral spinal discs serve as a cushion for pressure upon impact and movement. They’re composed of a gel-like center and a cartilage shell exterior. With age and time, cartilage deteriorates, and discs dehydrate. It is considered more as an aging process rather than a disease itself. However, when discs degenerate, they may reduce in height causing compression symptoms and pain. Pain is commonly expressed in the neck and lower back region. Again, these are the weight bearing areas of the spine with the most movement range.

Lumbar Disc Degeneration Symptoms

Pain is usually radiated to the:

  • Buttocks
  • Leg
  • Feet.
  • It could improve with changes in posture in some cases and can be seen as unilateral affecting only one side.

Treatment

At My Spine Center, you’ll find the highest levels of patient care. Our treatments are aimed at minimizing your pain with minimally invasive procedures that may improve your symptoms and quality of life and are completely reversible. For the correct diagnosis of Degenerative disc disease (DDD), it is important to have a current image study to complement the physical exploration of your symptoms. Conservative measures are the first line of treatment, which include exercises, posture modifications, medications and good lifestyle habits to decrease the stress to your spine, including weight loss and quitting smoking.

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