Spinal stenosis occurs mostly in people older than 50. Younger people with a spine injury or a narrow spinal canal are also at risk. Diseases such as arthritis and scoliosis can cause spinal stenosis, too.
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal compressing the spinal cord and nerve roots. There are different regions of stenosis, the most common in located in the lumbar region and the involvement of the sciatic nerve gives it the used name of “sciatic pain.”
The causes of spinal stenosis include trauma, inflammatory processes, degeneration and tumors that produce pinching of the nerve roots causing pain. Lumbar spinal stenosis is one of the most common causes of surgery in people over the age of 60.
The enabling pain causes a reduction in daily living activities, progressing to depression and complete limitation of physical activities.
There can be narrowing of the spinal canal, in the spaces between the vertebra and the canals at the base the nerves that can be in the neck (cervical), chest (thoracic) or lower back (lumbar).
Symptoms of lumbar stenosis
- Numbness or tingling
- Muscle weakness
- Lower back pain
- Pain that runs through the buttocks to the thigh, and even leg (Sciatica pain)
- Leg pain may be greater than back pain
Spinal stenosis is in early stages may be treated with oral medications for pain management. However, this usually progresses with a greater compression and nerve inflammation called radiculopathy that can only be managed surgically.
We offer minimally invasive decompression procedures as well as minimally invasive stabilization with outpatient care.